Columbus established a new settlement at La Isabelaon the north coast of Hispaniola, where gold had first been found, but it was a poor location and the settlement was short-lived.
At one point his men threatened to mutiny and wanted to turn back. His descriptions were part fact, part fiction: There are many spices, and great mines of gold and other metals The boat sank, but the young Columbus floated to shore on a scrap of wood and made his way to Lisbon, where he studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography and navigation.
He spent some time exploring the interior of the island for gold. According to that eschatological vision, Christendom would recapture Jerusalem and install a Christian emperor in the Holy Land as a precondition for the coming and defeat of Antichristthe Christian conversion of the whole human raceand the Last Judgment.
The convoy worked its way back to the settlement of Navidad on Hispaniola, where Columbus discovered the fort in ruins and the bodies of some of the colonists in shallow graves; no survivors were found. Everyone breathed afresh and rejoiced at these signs. Columbus became one of the few voices to call for sailing west to reach the lucrative markets of China and Japan.
Afonso rejected his proposal. Columbus changed course to follow their flight. Magnetic declination[ edit ] On 13 SeptemberColumbus observed that the needle of his compass no longer pointed to the North Star. After the passing of much time, the savants of Spain, like their counterparts in Portugalreplied that Columbus had grossly underestimated the distance to Asia.
At two hours after midnight the land was sighted at a distance of two leagues. In MayColumbus sailed west across the Atlantic for the third time. Columbus proceeded to observe the people and their cultural lifestyle. The other two were smaller caravels. The corresponding technique for efficient travel in the Atlantic appears to have been exploited first by the Portuguese, who referred to it as the Volta do mar "turn of the sea".
Disease and environmental changes resulted in the destruction of the majority of the native population over time, while Europeans continued to extract natural resources from these territories.
However, to keep Columbus from taking his ideas elsewhere, and perhaps to keep their options open, the Catholic Monarchs gave him an annual allowance of 12, maravedis and, infurnished him with a letter ordering all cities and towns under their domain to provide him food and lodging at no cost.
The consequences of his explorations were severe for the native populations of the areas he and the conquistadores conquered. Columbus believed they were approaching the Azore Islandsbut other members of the crew felt that they were considerably north of the islands.
Thus a great number of interests were involved in this adventure, which was, in essence, the attempt to find a route to the rich land of Cathay Chinato Indiaand to the fabled gold and spice islands of the East by sailing westward over what was presumed to be open sea.
Here was a clear sign that Taino resistance had gathered strength. He returned to Portugal to settle her estate and take his son Diego with him. Columbus sailed throughout the Mediterranean and one day was shipwrecked off the coast of Portugal.
He showed off what he had brought back from his voyage to the monarchs, including a few small samples of gold, pearlsgold jewelry stolen from natives, a few natives he had kidnapped, flowers, and a hammock.
During that return journey Columbus composed a long letter to his sovereigns that is one of the most extraordinary he wrote, and one of the most informative. Rounding up the slaves led to the first major battle between the Spanish and the native peoples in their homeland, called by Europeans "the New World ".
Colonization and Christian evangelization were openly included this time in the plans, and a group of friars shipped with him. Additionally, he would also have the option of buying one-eighth interest in any commercial venture with the new lands and receive one-eighth of the profits.
After stopping at Trinidad named for the Holy Trinitywhose protection he had invoked for the voyageColumbus entered the Gulf of Paria and planted the Spanish flag on the Paria Peninsula in Venezuela. He was ill, losing his eyesight, and his ships were rotting and on the verge of sinking.
If it pleases our Lord, I will take six of them to Your Highnesses when I depart, in order that they may learn our language. Who, then, should be trusted to draw the line there?
He did so, and saw it. Columbus was leaving town by mule in despair when Ferdinand intervened. The exact location and name of the island where Columbus first made landfall is in dispute. Columbus attempted to restore discipline when he returned, but his attempt alienated many settlers.
The routes taken by Columbus on his four voyages by Unknown Click to see larger map Returning Home After making his discovery, Columbus was eager to return home to Spain and claim his riches.
At this spot, Columbus took on board several islanders who had gathered onshore with food, and told them that his crew wished to come ashore to fulfill their vow.The First Voyage of Christopher Columbus, As most of us can remember from the childhood ditty, Columbus set sail from Spain inwith his fleet of three ships - the Niña, the Pinta.
The Log of Christopher Columbus' First Voyage to America Inh the Year as Copied Out in Brief By Bartholomew Las Casas, One of His Companions, with Illustrations By J.O'mi-centre.comve, II.
Biography: Christopher Columbus is the explorer who is credited for discovering America. You can remember the date Columbus discovered America by using this rhyme "In Columbus sailed the ocean blue".
The sailor who was first to spot land on the voyage would receive a reward.
The winner was Rodrigo de Triana who spotted land. This Day in History: 10/12/ - Columbus Set Sail. On this day inafter sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sights a Bahamian island, believing he has.
centenary of Columbus' first voyage. It is hard to suppress similar apprehensions of overkill in as at ery of America, Columbus had opened a Pandora's box in Christopher Columbus and the uses of history.
Watch video · Famed Italian explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the "New World" of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand of Spain in Columbus’ First Voyage to America: Route.Download