He was also characterized as using his political power to benefit cronies, including a case where he secretly shifted the planned route of the Northern State Parkway large distances to avoid impinging on the estates of the rich, while telling owners of the family farms who lost land and sometimes their livelihood, that it was based on "engineering considerations".
Like Haussmann, Moses thought the end always justified the means, that the old should make way for the new, that the medieval warren should make way for glorious parks, apartment buildings and boulevards.
How Stands the Debate Today?
Many other cities, like NewarkChicagoand St. She restates the idea of import replacement from her earlier book The Economy of Citieswhile speculating on the further ramifications of considering the city first and the nation second, or not at all. Jacobs, a journalist for the now-defunct "Architectural Forum", was the most vocal critic of the planning philosophy to which Moses adhered in his prolific year career, and she successfully fought such schemes as his Lower Manhattan Expressway, that would have put a lane straight line across Greenwich Village, SoHo, Little Italy, Chinatown and the Lower East Side.
Kirk came to the Architectural Forum offices to describe the impact that "revitalization" had on East Harlem, and he introduced Jacobs to the neighborhood. Looking out of the window of her home, number Hudson Street, musing on how cities work best and presenting two more curtain-twitching eyes to the streetJacobs noticed what she described as a "street ballet".
In truth, her real bogey-figures were two earlier planning theorists, Ebenezer Howard and Le Corbusier. This book is written as a Platonic dialogue.
When Bacon showed Jacobs examples of undeveloped and developed blocks, she determined that "development" seemed to end community life on the street. A study found the bridge was fiscally prudent and could be environmentally manageable, but the anti-development sentiment was now insurmountable and in Rockefeller canceled plans for the bridge.
As with her other work, she used an observational approach. It seems that anyone standing in the way of the bulldozers must ask, "What would Jane Jacobs do? Development is differentiation of what already existed. And yet it has everything it had before. The stadium attracted an expansion franchise: She and her husband chose Toronto because it was pleasant and offered employment opportunities,  and they moved to an area of Toronto that included so many Americans avoiding the draft it was called the "American ghetto".
The book is infused with many real-world economic and biological examples, which help keep the book "down to earth" and comprehensible, if dense. But was the dynamic as straightforward as that?
She was the mother and determined journalist with owlish glasses and grey thatch of hair who cruised around Greenwich Village on a bicycle, her handbag stowed in a wicker basket on the handlebars.
In the s Ebenezer Howard proposed decongesting the "cancerous tumour" that was London by building garden city satellites that would support their own industries and be surrounded by green belts. She took him on - David v Goliath - and won.
Jane Jacobs defends her positions with common sense and anecdotes. La Guardiawas responsible for the construction of ten gigantic swimming pools under the WPA Program.
Lawrence neighborhood, a housing project regarded as a major success. Jacobs considered both ideas anti-city, hopeless efforts to assert order on a messy metropolis, to give the city "all the attributes of a well-kept, dignified cemetery".
But she and her fellow protestors were ultimately successful.The Death and Life of Great American Cities remains one of the most influential books in the history of A Documentary Film devoted an hour of the eight-part, seventeen-and-a-half-hour series to the battle between Moses and Jacobs.
Robert Caro "The Death and Life of a Reluctant Urban Icon," A Review Essay on Jane Jacobs: Urban. A History Of Robert Moses And Jane Jacobs History Essay The profession of urban planning is nearly as old as civilization itself.
It is constantly changing in terms of its practice, theories, and practitioners. Apr 19, · “Citizen Jane: Battle for the City,” directed by Matt Tyrnauer, which chronicles the author and activist Jane Jacobs’s opposition to several ambitious, potentially ruinous Robert Moses.
Feb 13, · Jane Jacobs vs Robert Moses: Urban Fight of the Century Vince Graham. If only we'd had a Charleston version of Jane Jacobs in the 60s. Patell and Waterman's History of New York 10, views. Robert Moses (December 18, – July 29, ) and was one of the most polarizing figures in the history of urban development in the United States.
One of his most vocal critics during this time was the urban activist Jane Jacobs. Pack your bag and head out in search of history Guides Explore and discover historic places with these thematic guides Explore Places America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places A Tale of Two Planners: Jane Jacobs vs.
Robert Moses. More: ReUrbanism; By: Lauren Walser.Download