It also explains why children acquire some behaviour without trial-and-error. Conclusion SLT helps explain why behaviour may be passed down in a family, within a culture, or even within the whole human race.
Classical conditioning as an explanation for attachment describes the baby receiving food and unconditioned stimulus and producing an unconditioned response happiness and the mother feeding the baby will be the neutral stimulus.
Attention The person must first pay attention to the significant features of the model"s behaviour, influenced by the model"s distinctiveness, attractiveness, competence or power.
Gergely"s findings have demonstrated that very young infants have the ability to observe a model"s behaviour and infer his or her intentions and constraints on his or her behaviour. It was also found that the strange situation was very reliable because the results of the observers were consistent with one and other and there was almost a perfect inter-observer agreement 0.
The findings were that the monkeys would cuddle up to and be more distressed at losing the comfortable padded surrogate mother that provided no food than they were the uncomfortable wire-framed surrogate mother that fed them.
Feeding the baby makes it more comfortable, and so crying is learned through negative reinforcement. Get a person to behave in a way by association or by rewarding them. According to Bandura, SLT was demonstrated in the study, as children showed signs of observational learning through aggression.
Experiment used month old infants 2 conditions: When writing 12 mark essays make sure you remember the following things: However the theory is extremely reductionist and there is evidence that infants can form attachments with a person who is not the primary care-giver. Imitation and practice leads to improvement of the learnt behaviour.
Humans are a lot more complex than animals and so therefore research on animals to study behaviour cannot be applied to human behaviour. Bandura"s study exemplified and supported features of SLT: One of the most significant research experiments on learning violence via models through observational learning in the media or the environment is by Bandura et al.
Likewise, the SLT of observation, proposed by Bandura is demonstrated in the two studies outlined previously by Bandura Gergely Therefore demonstrated that very young children up to months old are capable of observing thus imitating behaviour, supporting SLT.
To see if children would imitate aggression modelled by an adult. Outline and evaluate the learning theory of attachment 12 marks outline The learning theory of attachment focuses of two concepts; operant and classical conditioning.
Motivation In order for observational learning to be successful, learns must be able to demonstrate the learnt behaviour that has been modelled. Making A level psychology easier Learning theory of attachment According to learning theory, infants learn to be attached to their primary caregiver through classical conditioning and operant conditioning But do infants really become attached to the person that feeds them?
Plan your answer in the space they give you before you actually write it - the content is not the only important aspect, structure will gain you marks too. This increases the validity of the strange situation as a way of measuring attachment type and means that the results can be generalised and applied to similar situations.
Aim B — In regards to the second aim, Bandura observed that girls were more likely to imitate verbal aggression, whereas boys were more likely to imitate physical behaviour.Describe and evaluate the Behaviourist Approach The basic assumption of the behaviourist approach is that all behaviour is learned through experiences a person has in their environment.
From this we know that behaviourists are on the side of nature in the “nature vs. nurture” debate.
Outline and evaluate learning theory as an explanation of attachment. (8) Learning theory suggests attachment develops through classical and operant conditioning. May 18, · AS Psychology - A Grade Essay Answers. Updated on May 18, Anthropophobia.
more. Outline and evaluate the learning theory of attachment (12 marks) (outline) The learning theory of attachment focuses of two concepts; operant and classical conditioning. Classical conditioning as an explanation for attachment Reviews: 4. Outline and evaluate the learning theory of attachment The learning theory, firstly proposed by Dolland Miller () argues that attachment is a form of nurture and so is learnt.
Behaviourists came up with the idea that it is learnt either through classical or operant conditioning. The learning theory of attachment focuses of two concepts; operant and classical conditioning.
Classical conditioning as an explanation for attachment describes the baby receiving food (and unconditioned stimulus) and producing an unconditioned response (happiness) and the mother feeding the baby will be the neutral stimulus.
A Level exam tips Answering a 12 mark question (PSYA1 AQA A specification) Outline and evaluate learning theory of attachment. 6 AO1 marks come from describing learning theory of attachment in terms of how an infant learns.Download