They damage drains and ultimately cause spillage of sewage water into water bodies. This review highlights the drinking water quality, contamination sources, sanitation situation, and effects of unsafe drinking water on humans. The impact of municipal and industrial wastewater on water resources in Faisalabad showed that the physicochemical properties of ground water were beyond the critical values of WHO.
Sources of Contamination 5. Industrialization and emergence of urban units placed immense stress on water resources and discharge of wastewater into natural water resources that decreases ground and surface water quality [ 58 ]. The bacteriological contamination was also not detected in water samples before and after monsoon.
All this is due to the lack of awareness, treatment technology, equipment, trained personnel, and quality monitoring [ 43 ]. At the consumer level, the drinking water is getting more contaminated due to the unhygienic handling and uncovered storage tanks.
Higher electrical conductivity EC is due to the dissolution of subsoil minerals and leaching into ground water. Drinking water quality of the Sindh province is also poor as that of other provinces. In Pakistan, waterborne diseases are typhoid, giardiasis, intestinal worms, diarrhea, cryptosporidium infections, and gastroenteritis.
The bacteriological and physicochemical study of Hingol River situated at Hingol National Park was carried out, where the majority of its inhabitants are leading nomadic life style [ 9495 ] and consume the water of the river as no alternative water resources are available.
But Cd concentration was higher than WHO permissible limits [ 24 ]. Phosphate and sulphate concentrations were within range. The dental fluorosis diseases are commonly found in Sindh, Punjab, and KP.
The result showed that 5. If any industry is found to be violating the rules, it should be punished with heavy fine and imprisonment. View at Google Scholar S. View at Google Scholar C. Water samples collected for physicochemical analysis from tehsil of Jamrud and Landikotal, Khyber agency, showed that all parameters were within range set by WHO.
The analysis of heavy metal contamination in drinking water of urban as well as rural areas of Peshawar described that the drinking water was highly contaminated with Pb and Cd.
There is a lack of proper sampling system of the drinking water treatment plants to ensure that water is safe and fit for drinking in urban areas of Pakistan. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India, The outcomes indicated that Utilization of such water for beneficial use causes contrary effects on environment and public health.
The physicochemical analysis of drinking water supply lines in Orangi Town, Karachi, showed that physicochemical characteristics were within WHO permissible limits except sulphates. Human health is adversely affected by various agents like pathogens, bacteria, various minerals, and organic substances that are present in unsafe drinking water.
Chemical and microbial aspects of water samples collected from four cities, that is, Abbottabad, Mardan, Peshawar, and Manghora, were analyzed.
Bacteriological and physicochemical examination of groundwater in the coastal areas of Sindh indicated that groundwater was unfit for drinking purpose. A lot of chemical contaminants mix with flood water on its way. The drinking water quality and quantity are very low because of poor treatment of deteriorated water and old sanitation system in urban areas [ 12 ].
Effluent from industries and domestics contains high concentration of arsenic that is becoming a severe problem. View at Google Scholar L.Full Length Research Paper Water Quality Management Plan for Patalganga River for Drinking Purpose and Human Health Safety Asheesh Shrivastava*, Shalini A Tandon, Rakesh Kumar water quality of Patalganga River.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 64 | Hussain et al. RESEARCH PAPER OPEN ACCESS Evaluation of drinking water quality in urban areas of Pakistan: a case study of Gulshan-e-Iqbal Karachi, Pakistan. Full Length Research Paper Bacteriological study of drinking water in the Pakistan’s peri-urban areas of Islamabad and Rawalpindi Nusrat Yasin1, Noureen Shah1, Jafar Khan1*, Noor us Saba2 and Zia ul islam3 1 That’s because drinking Water quality varies from place to place.
For instance, a study conducted by Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) in all four provinces of Pakistan conclude that majority of the taken samples of water found insecure for drinking purposes.
" Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources " a government body responsible for water quality in Pakistan, has reported As contents above the WHO permissible limits in drinking water sources of some other regions such as.
S. Shuja and M.
Jaffar, “Drinking water quality guideline values, chemical and physical aspects,” in Proceedings of the National Workshop on Quality of Drinking Water, vol. 8, pp. 25–28, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources & Chemical Society of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan,Download