The nomothetic approach in personality testing essay

Behaviorist, cognitive and biological psychologists tend to focus on discovering laws or establishing generalizations. At the same, each person shares a set of common personality characteristics and behaviour styles as a member of the group McKenna, Nomothetic testing is widely used in psychometrics, which is a branch of psychology concerned about discovering and outlining individual difference in personality traits Kline, Due to the extensive us of laboratory studies, the experiments often lack ecological validity, which means we cannot generalise the results to everyday life.

Due to this, no general laws are possible. Weiner and Greene, From a nomothetic point of view these are considered to adequately describe the psychologically significant aspects of any personality.

Nomothetic research vs. idiographic research

As a result of this focus the individual is more likely to feel valued and unique. Viewpoints, research and applications. There are also broad differences between theoretical perspectives.

One of the key ideas of this theory is that for information to be transferred from the Short-term memory STM to the Long Term Memory LTMthe information has to go through a rehearsal loop. On the other hand each patient represents a new challenge for therapy with a configuration of defense mechanisms that is all their own and an illness that derives from unique childhood experiences.

Business psychology and organisational behaviour: However the nomothetic approach does have its limitations.

Nomothetic Idiographic Debate

The idiographic approach focuses on an individual personality testing to conduct individual case studies and determine the scope of personality characteristics unique for each person. The primary evidence for this theory comes from laboratory experiments, which display the primary and recencey effects.

The nomothetic personality assessment utilises the opposite approach commemorating on commonalities in personality characteristics shared by people.

The methods of investigation used by the nomothetic approach collects scientific and quantitive data. Handbook of psychological testing. The increase in personality scholarship underpinned the shift from the person-focused investigation to a process-oriented assessment.

In its turn, the idiographic approach is beneficial for identifying individual preferences, needs, capabilities and attitudes to enable differentiate diagnosis and appropriate treatment in clinical settings Carducci, As such, nomothetic testing serves to observe and theorise the normal course of personality development along with indicators and symptoms of abnormal development.

For example in the Milgrim study, can we be sure that all the behaviour displayed was for the same reasons? The subsequent laws that are created can be categorised into three kinds: To do this, experiments and observations are used, and group averages are statistically analysed to create predictions about people in general.

Suffice to say they both assume that there are a small number of traits that account for the basic structure of all personalities and that individual differences can be measured along these dimensions. Unlike the nomothetic approach, this provides a more complete understanding of the individual.

Nomothetic assessments produce an empirical base for the clinical practice and further scholarship while relying on initial idiographic assessments.

The idiographic approach is better suited to description, while idiographic is suited to predictions. The focus of the nomothetic approach is to obtain objective knowledge through scientific methods.

Which is one of the key criteria of a science. On the ground of the observed commonalities, nomothetic assessors formulate universal principles and rules for understanding personality. While focusing personality assessment on a single person to identify risk factors of mental illness peculiar to him or her under the experienced socio-economic factors, cultural background and personality, clinicians rely on knowledge produced by nomothetic assessments.

Indeed, each person is unique in terms of some traits and temperament, which make him or her distinct from the group. That is to say in establishing laws or generalizations.

It may also serve as a source of ideas and hypotheses for later study. In other words, when studying the uniqueness of each patient, clinical assessors refer to the body of knowledge generated by nomothetic testing findings to gain a basic understanding of traits and motives possessed by a person.

How I would like to be? He argues that they cannot be effectively studied using standardised tests. In this respect, nomothetic tests usually take the form of personality questionnaires, results of which are subject to factor analysis.

The subject is then asked to sort the cards into piles. The nomothetic approach is highly useful to create a general picture of personality characteristics peculiar to a specific group of people.The Nomothetic approach is an approach to personality assessment.

The term comes from the Greek word "nomos" which means law. In an online dictionary homothetic is defined as "giving or establishing laws". Nomothetic Idiographic Debate. Personality. The psychometric approach to the study of personality compares individuals in terms of traits or dimensions common to everyone.

This is a nomothetic approach and two examples are Hans Eysenck’s type and Raymond Cattell’s 16PF trait theories.

The Nomothetic Approach in Personality Testing Essay

The details of their work need not concern us mi-centre.com: Saul Mcleod. The Nomothetic approach is an approach to personality assessment.

The term comes from the Greek word "nomos" which means law. In an online dictionary homothetic is defined as "giving or establishing laws".

Look for universal laws of behaviour. It is ba 5/5(1). Uses of Personality Testing; Reliability and Validity in Personality Testing Essay The Nomothetic Approach in Personality Testing Words | 7 Pages. The Nomothetic approach is an approach to personality assessment.

The term comes from the Greek word "nomos" which means law. In an online dictionary homothetic is defined as. Comparing the Nomothetic and Idiographic Approaches as They Apply to the Study of Intelligence and Personality; Comparing the Nomothetic and Idiographic Approaches as They Apply to the Study of Intelligence and Personality.

The Nomothetic Approach in Personality Testing Words | 7 Pages.

Intelligence Testing and Types The nomothetic approach to personality looks at what people have in common with each other. Compare .

Download
The nomothetic approach in personality testing essay
Rated 3/5 based on 80 review