By contrast, there is a great deal of controversy when it comes to the issue of whether free mass media serve or harm democracy once it has been established. These patterns are observed with regard to both the structural and the content level.
During the popular political movement inNepalese mass were strongly influenced by the private media especially television and F.
The paper is based on secondary data congregated from secondary sources- books, journals, and internet sources. Types of Reporting For much of American history until the early twentieth centurymost news media were clearly and openly biased.
However, Voltmer and Rownsley argues that it is difficult to identify a direct relationship of cause and effect between the media and democratization as the available evidence is anecdotal and so cannot be subjected to rigorous testing.
International media sources usually spin around the ideological apparatus of political divergences, conflicts, change and more distinctively the way major actors seek to maneuver public perceptions.
The interpretative and structured interpretation model methodically focuses on the structures and functions of media text, media effects and converse in social, cultural, economic and political contexts.
It therefore seems that optimising both media functions at the same time is only feasible up to a certain point. Numerous journalists were detained, abducted, many media persons were killed, and several private media houses were threatened and assaulted.
This can "hamper the ability of the democratic system to solve internal social problems as well as international conflicts in an optimal way. Media is not a single component, but connected with other different components like freedom of expression and opinion and press freedom.
But, still there are high probabilities that the groups losing political and economic power in relation to what they have become accustomed historically to are also more likely to resort to turbulence to regain their hegemony compared to groups which have been newly equipped with new powers.
With a feudal legacy, often close nexus between the media and the State, political elites and economic decision-makers, media role may be different. The then royal government issued media ordinance and imposed censorship on information. Based on this two-dimensional concept, I identify indicators to measure media performance on two different levels of analysis: Radio, in Nepal, is the most often utilized and successful medium for social change.
The comparison of democratic media performance reveals a considerable variation across the 10 to 47 countries examined, and different patterns can be identified.
Currently, they are helpful to journalists to informing and educating the public about democratic values in the news through effective analysis, examining the ways that new constitution is portrayed in entertainment media, and exploring alternatives that retain entertainment value.
Democracy requires that citizens be informed because they must be able to make educated voting choices. The forms of social unrest observed in Nepal can be ascribed to forms of structural violence i. In countries with a high illiteracy rate, for example, it would be next to impossible for average citizens to take part and fully engage with media, and adjust their behaviour accordingly in society.
Ultimately, both perspectives could benefit from considering comparative empirical evidence that distinguishes between different aspects of media performance and their influence on different elements of democracy.
Countries either perform badly or moderately on both functions, or outstandingly on just one of the functions. They can weaken or delimit the capacity to act autonomously connecting the world to individuals and reproducing the self-image of democratic and inclusive Nepali society by focusing on rebuilding, creating stability and development.
Mass Media Role in Democratization of Nepalese Society Democracy is the key mechanism for societal development and conflict management. In contrast, the horizontal function — the capacity for the media to act as a representative public forum — is found to be much stronger in central-western European countries, such as Austria, Germany and Switzerland.
Media democracy entails that media should be used to promote democracy  as well as the conviction that media should be democratic itself;  media ownership concentration is not democratic and cannot serve to promote democracy and therefore must be examined critically.
A question might arise, when? Yet it is through these media, that actors in society has been communicating with other groups viz. However, the freedom of media, freedom of expression and opinion have been persistently desecrated in Nepal.
It is the medium mostly accessed to rural poor.
At the present Nepali media contents-news, commentaries, documentaries, and other informational programmes are focused on subjects like constitution implementation, peace restorations, elections, but the major portion of mass media offerings are designed to serve amusement function that tend to avoid controversial issues and reflect beliefs and values sanctified by mass audience.
How does media performance differ across countries?Jan 12, · Mass Media Role in Democratization of Nepalese Society Democracy is the key mechanism for societal development and conflict management. Calvin () argues that media should be used to promote democracy as well as the conviction that media should be democratic itself.
Functions of the Media. Perhaps the most important role of the media in politics is to report the news. As noted above, the vast majority of people must trust the media to provide them with information.
the vast majority of people must trust the media to provide them with information. Democracy requires that citizens be informed because.
Media democracy allows people the right to participate in media, A diverse range of information providers is necessary so that viewers, the technologies played an important role in instilling change in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. These acts show a population can be informed through alternative media channels, and can adjust its behaviour.
A democracy is a system of government in which all the people of a country can vote to elect their representatives. Media came into existence around the s with the introduction of newspapers. THE ROLE OF MEDIA IN DEMOCRACY: A STRATEGIC APPROACH June • Supporting objective news and information programs, so that people can make informed decisions and counter state-controlled media the media is to have any meaningful role in democracy, then the ultimate goal of media.Download